She entered the Society for the Collegiate Instruction of Women renamed Radcliffe College inwhere she studied psychology with the philosopher William James and received her degree in She studied at Johns Hopkins Medical School from to and then, with her older brother Leo, moved first to London and then to Paris, where she was able to live by private means. She lived with Leo, who became an accomplished art critic, until ; thereafter she lived with her lifelong companion, Alice B. Gertrude Stein left and Alice B.
He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. Among other themes, his novels explore the new social problems that had arisen in a rapidly industrializing America.
Life Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living. His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism.
He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in and worked his way to the East Coast. While writing for a Pittsburgh newspaper inhe read works by the scientists T. Huxley and John Tyndall and adopted the speculations of the philosopher Herbert Spencer.
Through these readings and his own experience, Dreiser came to believe that human beings are helpless in the grip of instincts and social forces beyond their control, and he judged human society as an unequal contest between the strong and the weak.
In Dreiser arrived in New York Citywhere he worked for several newspapers and contributed to magazines. He married Sara White inbut his roving affections and resulting infidelities doomed their relationship. The couple separated permanently in Dreiser began writing his first novelSister Carriein at the suggestion of a newspaper colleague.
Library of Congress, Washington, D. The reception accorded his second novel, Jennie Gerhardtthe story of a woman who submits sexually to rich and powerful men to help her poverty-stricken family, lent him further encouragement.
The first two volumes of a projected trilogy of novels based on the life of the American transportation magnate Charles T. Yerkes, The Financier and The Titanfollowed. Dreiser recorded his experiences on a trip to Europe in A Traveler at Forty This book brought Dreiser a degree of critical and commercial success he had never before attained and would not thereafter equal.
He became involved in a variety of causes and slackened his literary production. A visit to the Soviet Union in produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia His only other significant publications in the late s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains and A Gallery of Womenand an unsuccessful collection of poetryMoods, Cadenced and Declaimed He came to reconsider his opposition to communism and wrote the anticapitalist Tragic America His only important literary achievement in this decade was the autobiography of his childhood and teens, Dawnone of the most candid self-revelations by any major writer.
There he set about marketing the film rights to his earlier works. In he began belatedly to rewrite The Bulwark, a novel begun in The task was completed inthe same year he married Helen. Sara White Dreiser had died in One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. Helen helped him complete most of The Stoicthe long-postponed third volume of his Yerkes trilogy, in the weeks before his death.
Both The Bulwark and The Stoic were published posthumously andrespectively. It became a beacon to subsequent American writers whose allegiance was to the realistic treatment of any and all subject matter.
Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town girl who comes to the big city filled with vague ambitions.Fannie Hurst (October 19, – February 23, ) was an American novelist and short-story writer whose works were highly popular during the post-World War I era.
Her work combined sentimental, romantic themes with social issues of the day, such as women's rights and race relations.
She was one of the most widely read female authors of the 20th century, and for a time in the s she was. Theodore Dreiser Biography Bookmark this page Manage My Reading List Although Theodore Dreiser never received the Nobel Prize for literature, he is recognized today as a genuine American literary pioneer, and his massive An American Tragedy is acclaimed as one of the most important novels in American literature.
Theodore Dreiser is credited as Novelist and journalist,,. Like other naturalistic novelists of the s Theodore Dreiser believed in evolutionary and materialistic determinism and . Theodore Dreiser: Theodore Dreiser, novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism.
He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of . If you are a teacher searching for educational material, please visit PBS LearningMedia for a wide range of free digital resources spanning preschool through 12th grade.
Bleecker Street (frequently misspelled "Bleeker") is named for Anthony Bleecker, a lawyer and poet who was friends with Washington Irving and William Cullen rutadeltambor.com got this honor not for his writing, apparently, but because the street ran through his farm.