O for a beaker full of the warm South! Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain— To thy high requiem become a sod.
The poem was composed at the Hampstead house Keats shared with Brown, possibly while sitting beneath a plum tree in the garden. Keats felt a tranquil and continual joy in her song; and one morning he took his chair from the breakfast-table to the grass-plot under a plum-tree, where he sat for two or three hours.
When he came into the house, I perceived he had some scraps of paper in his hand, and these he was quietly thrusting behind the books. On inquiry, I found those scraps, four or five in number, contained his poetic feelings on the song of the nightingale. However, Keats relied on both his own imagination and other literature as sources for his depiction of the nightingale.
However, he worked on the four poems together, and there is a unity in both their stanza forms and their themes. The exact order the poems were written in is also unknown, but they form a sequence within their structures.
My heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pains My sense, as though of hemlock I had drunk, Or emptied some dull opiate to the drains One minute past, and Lethe-wards had sunk: O for a beaker full of the warm South!
Still wouldst thou sing, and I have ears in vain— To thy high requiem become a sod. No hungry generations tread thee down; The voice I hear this passing night was heard In ancient days by emperor and clown: Was it a vision, or a waking dream? Fled is that music: The poem is an expression of exalted emotions that the poet feels about the transience of the nature of reality.
The eighth line is written in iambic Iambic pentameter is the most common meter in English. For example, check out line 2: The poem is set both inside and outside a forest. How can I get a place like that? When he compares the forest to the world outside, the place where most humans live, it makes the outside world look like the site of endless death and decay.
Talk about a skewed perspective! He ignores all the good parts of the human world. Then the giant bird of Poetry comes along to drop the speaker smack into the middle of the forest at night: The thick foliage blocks the light from the moon and the stars and creates a pleasant smell of many different plants.
Through this whole scene, he continues to hear the heartbreaking song of the nightingale. Then his imagination takes him back through time, and he experiences the nightingale through others who might have heard the same song. But just as quickly as he left the regular world, he returns to it again.
Once again the forest seems like a desired but inaccessible place as the nightingale flies away to find a new perch in the next valley. The speaker wishes he had a special wine distilled directly from the earth. He wants to drink such a wine and fade into the forest with the nightingale.
He wants to escape the worries and concerns of life, age, and time. The nightingale must be immortal, because so many different kinds of generations of people have heard its song throughout history, everyone from clowns and emperors to Biblical characters to people in fantasy stories.
He feels abandoned and disappointed that his imagination is not strong enough to create its own reality. He is left confused and bewildered, not knowing the difference between reality and dreams.
The happiness which Keats hears in the song of the nightingale has made him happy momentarily but has been succeeded by a feeling of torpor which in turn is succeeded by the conviction that life is not only painful but also intolerable. His taste of happiness in hearing the nightingale has made him all the more aware of the unhappiness of life.
Keats wants to escape from life, not by means of wine, but by a much more powerful agent, the imagination.
His family life was shattered by the departure of one brother to America and the death from tuberculosis of the other. His second volume of poetry had been harshly reviewed. He had no gainful occupation and no prospects, since he had abandoned his medical studies.
His financial condition was insecure. He had not been well in the fall and winter of and possibly he was already suffering from tuberculosis.
He could not marry Fanny Brawny because he was not in a position to support her.John Keats, a poet of the romantic era, composed this poem in the spring of Being a poet of the Romantic era, he was a Nature lover, but instead of looking at Nature as a guide or teacher, he was in pursuit of beauty within Nature.
Ode to a Nightingale, Ode on a Grecian Urn, and Ode to Autumn The casual reader of John Keats' poetry would most certainly be impressed by the exquisite and abundant detail of it's verse, the perpetual freshness of it's phrase and the extraordinarily rich sensory images scattered throughout it's lines.
Keats's Ode to a Nightingale is considered one of the finest odes in English Literature. It reveals the highest imaginative powers of the poet.
The poem was inspired by the song of a nightingale, which the poet heard in the gardens of his friend Charles Brown. Ode to a Nightingale (Critical Appreciation) Written in May , many believe Keats’ “Ode to a Nightingale” to have been written at the home of Charles Brown, when Keats sat and listened to the bird in the garden for some hours.
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A critical appreciation of Keats' "ode to a Nightingale" Essay John Keats, a poet of the romantic era, composed this poem in the spring of Being a poet of the Romantic era, he was a Nature lover, but instead of looking at Nature as a guide or teacher, he was in pursuit of beauty within Nature.