See Article History Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen.
Why does the U. Why does the United States have an Electoral College when it would be so easy to directly elect a president, as we do for all the other political offices? The number of electors in each state is the sum of its U.
The District of Columbia has three electoral votes, which is the number of senators and representatives it would have if it were permitted representation in Congress. The electors meet in their respective states 41 days after the popular election.
There, they cast a ballot for president and a second for vice president. A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes to be elected president. Most electors are loyal members of the party that has selected them, and in 26 states, plus Washington, D.
Although an elector could, in principle, change his or her vote and a few actually have over the yearsdoing so is rare. As the election reminded us, the Electoral College does make it possible for a candidate to win the popular vote and still not become president.
But that is less a product of the Electoral College and more a product of the way states apportion electors. In every state but Maine and Nebraska, electors are awarded on a winner-take-all basis. The winner-take-all system is not federally mandated; states are free to allocate their electoral votes as they wish.
The Electoral College was not the only Constitutional limitation on direct democracy, though we have discarded most of those limitations.
Senators were initially to be appointed by state legislatures, and states were permitted to ban women from voting entirely. Slaves got an even worse deal, as a slave officially was counted as just three-fifths of a person. The 14th Amendment abolished the three-fifths rule and granted male former slaves the right to vote.
The 17th Amendment made senators subject to direct election, and the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote. Accessed at The Library of Congress Web site. Democracy in Americavol. Office of the Federal Register, U.The Electoral College is a system that has been used by the United States for Presidential Elections since the very first election.
The Electoral College is a group of people who represent different states and vote on behalf of that state for the President and Vice President.
Constitution of the United States Flag Code Constitution of Illinois. Constitution Study Guide (Effective Fall ) Page 2 The Electoral College is a group chosen by the voters of each state to elect the Constitution Study Guide (Effective Fall ) Page The Electoral College How many votes does each state have in the Electoral College?
Every state gets two plus however many representatives they have in the House. 7th Chapter 24 Study Guide Ans Answers Ppt. WR #2 Guiding Questions. Sheg Man. Dest. Electoral College (United States) American Political Philosophy Literature United States Constitution; Documents Similar To Chapter 8 Study Guide and Answers.
News Editing and Writing Final Project. Uploaded by. Alex Kalter. Ltr to Gov. Scott. The United States Electoral College is a body of electors established by the United States Constitution, constituted every four years for the sole purpose of electing the president and vice president of the United States.
The group is hoping to pressure states to adopt a more proportional distribution of Electoral College votes. Under that system, for instance, Trump would get 52 percent of the 38 electors in Texas.