Kerouac allows that it was street hustler Herbert Huncke who originally used the phrase "beat", in an earlier discussion with him. The adjective "beat" could colloquially mean "tired" or "beaten down" within the African-American community of the period and had developed out of the image "beat to his socks",    but Kerouac appropriated the image and altered the meaning to include the connotations "upbeat", "beatific", and the musical association of being "on the beat", and "the Beat to keep" from the Beat Generation poem. Jack Kerouac attended Columbia on a football scholarship.
Religion and the Politics of Chinese Modernity. Harvard University Asia Center, By Stefania Travagnin The past decade has seen the publication of several studies examining the new conceptualization and practice of religion that developed in China at the end of the nineteenth century and continued throughout the twentieth century.
From a variety of perspectives, these books have connected religion with other topics, such as state, society, gender, modernity, globalization, and material culture. Superstitious Regimes is an interdisciplinary work that sheds new light on the interaction between the state-body and the religion-body in early twentieth-century China, with a focus on the Nanjing Decade Nedostup develops her analysis from both a diachronic and synchronic perspective.
The author underlines shifts and continuities between a few historical periods: In terms of agency, Nedostup draws a distinction between the nation-body and local offices within the political context, while within the religion-body agency is shared by communities and individuals, monastics and laity, worship leaders and worshippers.
Nedostup assesses the role of religion in the construction of modernity and political power in the yearsas well as identifies the role of modernity in the reconstruction of religious practice.
She thus addresses questions of traditionalism, modernity, secularism, and superstition through the historical narrative of the reinvention of religious practices in China. The book is divided into three parts. The consequences of attacks on City God temples demonstrated the challenges that Nationalists would face by insisting on the imposition of drastic changes in local rituals and religious power structure.
They were thus construed as less socially useful than the clergy of established religions. A crucial part of this campaign was the attempt to replace local Chinese medical practices with modern Western medicine. Then, important occasions like rituals linked to Confucius, the Ghost Festival, and funeral and burial rituals were all questioned and reconsidered in the light of the new secular faith in the party and the nation.
The book ends with the English translation of the three main regulations on religious properties and clergy issued by the KMT: Beginning in the early s, thousands of farmers in the Yellow River provinces of Henan, Hebei, Hubei, and Shanxi had contracted HIV through commercial blood selling. Local government officials in Henan promoted blood and plasma selling as a rural development scheme that would lift farmers out of poverty.
Unsafe pooling and re-injection practices exposed thousands to HIV; secondary transmission then occurred on an even wider scale through the use of contaminated blood products in hospitals as well as transmission to sexual partners and children by those already infected.
After the epidemic came to light, the Chinese government banned the sale of blood and worked to increase the safety of the blood supply. Yet local officials also denied the scale of the epidemic and harassed journalists, physicians, and other activists who sought to document the extent of the blood disaster.
The discovery of aizibing cun, or AIDS villages, in central China forced government leaders to confront a pattern of HIV transmission among Han Chinese unrelated to opium trafficking and injecting drug use among ethnic minority communities along the Chinese-Burmese border.
His omniscient narration serves mainly to illuminate the thoughts of his grandfather, who tries to care for sick villagers while shouldering the remorse his son Ding Hui never musters.
Yan sometimes paints the villagers as comical rubes, easily placated by even the smallest self-serving kindness from Ding Hui and other officials. AIDS quickly infiltrates every level of Party, village, and clan politics.
He is just as uncompromising when detailing how officials denied responsibility for the ensuing AIDS epidemic, even as they profited from its human tragedy.
No one in Ding Village receives medical care, mental health counseling, food assistance, or a chance to hold the blood heads legally accountable. Cast adrift by government administrators, the sick villagers quarantine themselves in the school and wait to die.The decadent movement takes decadence in literature to an extreme, Mexican artistic avant-garde movement.
They exalted modern urban life and social revolution Manuel Maples Arce, Beat poets: American movement of the s and s concerned with counterculture and youthful alienation. UbuWeb Top Ten June Samuel Andreyev 1. George Antheil, Ballet Mécanique [MP3] 2.
Paul Dutton, Reverberations [MP3] 3. Anton Webern, Fünf Sätze [MP3] 4. Edgard Varèse, Déserts (world premiere) [MP3] 5.
English Literature Glossary of Literary Terms. This is a reprint from The Essentials of Literature in English PostWords in bold within the text indicate terms cross-referenced to .
In this lesson, we will learn about the Contemporary period in American literature, where it came from, and identify its basic characteristics. The Contemporary period in American literature. 3. Physics A variation in the amplitude of a wave, especially that which results from the superpositioning of two or more waves of different frequencies.
When sound waves are combined, the beat is heard as a pulsation in the sound. Francisco Goya: Francisco Goya was an eighteenth-century Spanish painter, and is considered by many to be "the father of modern painting." Informed by the Baroque style and the Classicists, Goya's art was part of the Romanticism movement, but also contained provocative elements such as social critiques, nudes, war, and allegories of death.