I am a mathematician so therefore my expertise is in algebra, calculus, geometry and trigonometry. I am not versed in economics, politics and astronomy therefore my opinions of these are foolish. And I quote now each man judges well the things he knows and of these he is a good judge. And so the man who has been educated in a subject is a good judge of that subject, and a man that has received an all-round education is a good judge in general.
In this system, heavy bodies in steady fall indeed travel faster than light ones whether friction is ignored, or not and they do fall more slowly in a denser medium. Four causes Aristotle argued by analogy with woodwork that a thing takes its form from four causes: His term aitia is traditionally translated as "cause", but it does not always refer to temporal sequence; it might be better translated as "explanation", but the traditional rendering will be employed here.
Thus the material cause of a table is wood. It is not about action. It does not mean that one domino knocks over another domino.
It tells us what a thing is, that a thing is determined by the definition, Aristotles views on education, pattern, essence, whole, synthesis or archetype.
It embraces the account of causes in terms of fundamental principles or general laws, as the whole i.
Plainly put, the formal cause is the idea in the mind of the sculptor that brings the sculpture into being. A simple example of the formal cause is the mental image or idea that allows an artist, architect, or engineer to create a drawing.
Representing the current understanding of causality as the relation of cause and effect, this covers the modern definitions of "cause" as either the agent or agency or particular events or states of affairs.
In the case of two dominoes, when the first is knocked over it causes the second also to fall over. The final cause is the purpose or function that something is supposed to serve. This covers modern ideas of motivating causes, such as volition.
History of optics Aristotle describes experiments in optics using a camera obscura in Problemsbook The apparatus consisted of a dark chamber with a small aperture that let light in.
He also noted that increasing the distance between the aperture and the image surface magnified the image. Accident philosophy According to Aristotle, spontaneity and chance are causes of some things, distinguishable from other types of cause such as simple necessity.
Chance as an incidental cause lies in the realm of accidental things"from what is spontaneous". History of geology Aristotle was one of the first people to record any geological observations.
Empirical research Aristotle was the first person to study biology systematically,  and biology forms a large part of his writings.
He spent two years observing and describing the zoology of Lesbos and the surrounding seas, including in particular the Pyrrha lagoon in the centre of Lesbos.
He describes the catfishelectric rayand frogfish in detail, as well as cephalopods such as the octopus and paper nautilus. His description of the hectocotyl arm of cephalopods, used in sexual reproduction, was widely disbelieved until the 19th century.
For Aristotle, accidents, like heat waves in winter, must be considered distinct from natural causes. He was correct in these predictions, at least for mammals: Aristotle did not do experiments in the modern sense.
It does not result in the same certainty as experimental science, but it sets out testable hypotheses and constructs a narrative explanation of what is observed.ARISTOTLE'S PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION. ROBERT S. BRUMBAUGH. Associate Professors' Department of Philosophy, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Search for more papers by this author. NATHANIEL M. LAURENCE JR. Associate Professors' Department of Philosophy, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut. Another ancient education innovator, Aristotle, embraced the Greek version of liberal arts curriculum and emphasized natural sciences, biology, botany, physiology, and zoology.
He studied with Plato for 20 years at the Academy and eventually joined him and Socrates in Western education history.
Regarding the constitution that is ideal or “according to prayer,” Aristotle criticizes the views of his predecessors in Politics and then offers a rather sketchy blueprint of his own in Destrée, Pierre, “Education, Leisure, and Politics,” in Marguerite Deslauriers and . Aristotle Theory, View, Aim, Curriculum & Method of Education Fri, 12/23/ - -- Umar Farooq Aristotle is the disciple of Plato and the tutor of Alexander the Great. Through the life of Aristotle, one would wonder how a mere thought of philosophy could impact the way education is practiced today as we know it. Aristotle’s way of life reflected the way he thought and what he wrote for people to view and educate upon today.
Aristotle's theory of education analyzed into eight factors. Education for Aristotle is to acquire virtue of which he saw two types: moral and intellectual. Moral, e.g. courage, is largely a product of nature, upbringing and habituation.
Intellectual falls more under the category of what we would consider e. Aristotle and education. We only have scraps of his work, but his influence on educational thinking has been of fundamental importance.
Aristotle ( – BC). Aristotle’s work was wide-ranging – yet our knowledge of him is necessarily fragmented.
Aristotle says that nature is given and is beyond our control; but habit and reason are largely matters of education. Education consists of two parts, habituation and direct instruction. The education of the habits must precede that of the reason, and the education of the body that of the intellect/5(1).