After the failure of League of Nations, the need for the creation of a more powerful world body was felt. The issue was discussed first at Dumbarton Oaks Conference in October,
It is a world body with a large number of sovereign states as its members. It dominated the world politics for ten or fifteen years after which its influence deteriorated. It could not stand groupism and power politics.
In as-many-as fifty-one nations met at San Francisco and signed the U. Thus the United Nations Organization came into being. The aims of the United Nations Organization are 1 to maintain international peace and security, 2 to develop friendly relations among nations based on respect for equal rights and self-determination of peoples, 3 to promote co-operation economic, social, cultural, and humanitarian fields among nations and promote respect for human rights and fundamental freedom of all.
The Security Council is the most important organ of the U. It consists of five permanent members and ten non-permanent members. The duty of the Security Council is to investigate international disputes and to take suitable action in preventing danger to international peace.
In order to make the decisions of Security Council effective, there should be unanimity in five permanent members. If nay one of these permanent members Vetoes the decision, it will be ineffective. The General Assembly is next in importance to the Security Council. Every member nation has got one vote in the Assembly.
The Security Council is an executive body whereas the General Assembly performs deliberative functions. It makes recommendations to the Security Council. A number of other organizations also work under the U.
The secretariat of the UN draws its staff from the member nations. The head of the Secretariat is called the Secretary General. One should attempt to asses what has really changed since and what has not changed. The biggest triumph of the U.
What has not changed, no the other hand is the hegemony of north over the south.
The struggle for peace, justice and human dignity waged at the U. Their support for it can make the repetitive setbacks a growing success.
The utility of the U. So far it has dealt with a few problems. It has achieved partial success. In many cases it ahs failed, while in few cases it has succeeded. It is criticized for its failure. Of course, much can be said on both sides. It is, however, certain that it ahs justified its existence as the most practical instrument for peace ever devised through voluntary co-operation among different nations.
So far it has refused to be a tool in the hands of any nation. This is the secret of its strength. It fills the peoples of the world with hope that it will prevent the outbreak of any devastating war. There is a great threat of total annihilation of humanity as a result of third world-war which would be certainly an atomic war.
It is high time all the nations decide to give up the use of atomic energy for destructive purposes. National and racial barriers combined with power-politics create great obstacle in the realization of objectives of the U.
At present the U. The newly liberated nations of Asia and Africa have come to their own and occupy and adequate position in world politics. These regional pacts undermine the prestige of the U. It does not have coercive force. Its strength lies in the co-operation of its members.The United Nations is an international organization founded in after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations and promoting social progress, better living standards and human rights.
This organization was planned at a Conference of Nations held at Dumbarton Oaks, U.S.A., and at another held a few months later at San Francisco. It was named the United Nations Organisation (UNO) and was inaugurated on October 24, Example essay structure purdue owl grade 12 english essay pdf what is the culture essay type essay service learning zertifikat best essay writing uk help a essay of memory from childhood money is my life essay sample, essay about celebrity what is a blog essay definition vegetarian benefits essay .
A Short History of the UN The international organization known as the United Nations was founded in after the already existent League of Nations failed to live up to its aims as it did not prevent the Second World War. The United Nations - The United Nations Fifty-one countries established the United Nations also known as the UN on October 24, with the intentions of preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security.
The United Nations Essay - The United Nations Fifty-one countries established the United Nations also known as the UN on October 24, with the intentions of preserving peace through international cooperation and collective security.