For a suitable donation, a question could be put to the Pythia and an answer obtained from Apollo. Since the words of the Pythia were hard to understand, the priests attending her wrote up the answer in verse and delivered it to the petitioner. The answers were legendarily obscure or ambiguous -- the source of the modern of meaning of "oracular," which is precisely to be obscure or ambiguous.
Iris, Athenian red-figure lekythos C5th B. She was often described as the handmaiden and personal messenger of Hera. Iris was a goddess of sea and sky--her father Thaumas "the wondrous" was a marine-god, and her mother Elektra "the amber" a cloud-nymph.
For the coastal-dwelling Greeks, the rainbow's arc was most often seen spanning the distance beteween cloud and sea, and so the goddess was believed to replenish the rain-clouds with water from the sea. Iris had no distinctive mythology of her own. In myth she appears only as an errand-running messenger and was usually described as a virgin goddess.
Her name contains a double meaning, being connected with both the Greek word iris "the rainbow" and eiris "messenger. She was usually depicted standing beside Zeus or Hera, sometimes serving nectar from her jug. As cup-bearer of the gods Iris is often indistinguishable from Hebe in art.
In the Homeric poems she appears as the minister of the Olympian gods, who carries messages from Ida to Olympus, from gods to gods, and from gods to men. In the Homeric poems, it is true, Iris does not appear as the goddess of the rainbow, but the rainbow itself is called iris Il xi. Her genealogy too supports the opinion that Iris was originally the personification of the rainbow.
In the earlier poets, and even in Theocritus xvii. With regard to her functions, which we have above briefly described, we may further observe, that the Odyssey never mentions Iris, but only Hermes as the messenger of the gods: She is principally engaged in the service of Zeus, but also in that of Hera, and even serves Achilles in calling the winds to his assistance.
She further performs her services not only when commanded, but she sometimes advises and assists of her own accord iii. In later poets she appears on the whole in the same capacity as in the Iliad, but she occurs gradually more and more exclusively in the service of Hera, both in the later Greek and Latin poets.
Some poets describe Iris actually as the rainbow itself, but Servius ad Aen v. Respecting the worship of Iris very few traces have come down to us, and we only know that the Delians offered to her on the island of Hecate cakes made of wheat and honey and dried figs.
No statues of Iris have been preserved, but we find her frequently represented on vases and in bas-reliefs, either standing and dressed in a long and wide tunic, over which hangs a light upper garment, with wings attached to her shoulders, and carrying the herald's staff in her left hand; or she appears flying with wings attached to her shoulders and sandals, with the staff and a pitcher in her hands.
Homer uses the form aellopos. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Lamb Greek philosopher C4th B. He who said that Iris Rainbow was the child of Thaumas Wonder made a good genealogy.
Aldrich Greek mythographer C2nd A. Grant Roman mythographer C2nd A. Rouse Greek epic C5th A. Lattimore Greek epic C8th B.
She plummeted to the sea floor like a lead weight. Iris daughter of Thaumas].
The cousin of Aiolos Aeolus Hippotades son of Hippotes [ god of the winds]. Way Greek epic C4th A. Fairbanks Greek rhetorician C3rd A. Here Hermes, messenger of the gods, is closely connected with rainbow. Melville Roman epic C1st B.(0)-.).jpg Mar K (car(car)).jpg Sep 61K))(.gif Oct M rutadeltambor.com Sep K jpg Oct K rutadeltambor.com Jun 58K rutadeltambor.com Jan 92K jpg Aug K jpg Aug K rutadeltambor.com Jun 53K rutadeltambor.com 30 .
KALINGA ROCK EDICTS 1. Beloved-of-the-Gods says that the Mahamatras of Tosali who are judicial officers in the city are to be told this: I wish to see that everything I . Welcome! Ancient Egypt: the Mythology is dedicated to providing the most detailed and accurate information about the gods, goddesses and religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptian people.
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In Greek mythology, the Titans were a primeval race of powerful deities, descendants of Gaia (Earth) and Uranus (Heaven), that ruled during the legendary Golden Age.