Examples of footnotes in an essay

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Examples of footnotes in an essay

Bibliography Manuscripts, consist of typewritten or hand written matter that is prepared for such purposes as making reports, delivering speeches and lectures, supplying copy for printing, etc, Althols, Some forms of manuscripts are term papers, research reports, theses, dissertations, essays, articles, stories, books and various kinds of business and legal papers.

Typing manuscripts is not a simple matter of fast and accurate copying, especially where there are citations, references and footnotes. When typing formal manuscripts or technical reports, it is important that the typist should refer to manuals of goods style prepared by authorities in this matter Turabian and Campbell, and Reference manuals for stenographers and typist or standard handbook for secretaries will also be of great help.

The typist should follow the standard rules and suggestions in these manuals for uniformity of spacing, margins, pagination, footnoting, etc.

Explanatory notations at the bottom of the page used to cite an authority, to make incidental comments, to make cross-reference, or to make acknowledgements are called footnotes, Turabian, These footnotes are indicated by typing a superior raised figure immediately following the materials for which a reference is given.

Footnotes are separated from the last line of manuscript as follows. Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes After typing the last manuscript line, single space and, with the underline key type a 1? Double space, indent the left margin to paragraph point, type the appropriate superscript, and then, without spacing type the footnote single spaced.

Double space between footnotes. Footnotes in a manuscript numbered consecutively, either for each chapter or continuously throughout the manuscript and are identical with the reference numbers.

Footnotes and Endnotes are used to give credit to source of any materials borrowed. They are intended to refer readers to the exact pages of the works listed in the Works Cited, References, or Bibliography section. The main difference between Footnotes and Endnotes is that Footnotes are placed numerically at the foot of the very same page where direct references are made; while Endnotes are placed numerically at the end of the essay on a separate page entitles Endnotes or Notes.

If you are still using a typewriter, a superscript number is typed half a space above the line after the last word of the citation, e. To type a Footnote citation, the same superscript number is put at the beginning of the Footnote at the bottom of the same page where the citation occurs. When monitoring a work for the first time, a full and complete Footnote or Endnote entry must be made.

Only one sentence is used a Footnote or Endnote citation, i. In a Bibliography, each citation consists of a minimum of three statements or sentence, hence each entry requires a Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes inimum of three periods, e.

If you indent your paragraphs, the entire essay is typed double-spaced. If your instructor prefers that you do not indent your paragraphs, you must still double-space your lines, but you will need to quadruple-space between paragraphs.

Endnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Endnote citation. Endnote numbers must be superscripted.

In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space. Endnotes must be added on a separate Endnotes or Notes page at the end of your essay just before the Works Cited or Bibliography page.

All first Endnote references must be cited in full. If the source cited has no author stated, use whatever minimal information is needed to identify the same work previously cited, e. Formerly, the Latin terms ibid. It is recommended that you use Endnote in place of Footnotes. This will eliminate the need to allow sufficient space to accommodate all the required Footnote entries at the bottom of the same page where your citations occur.

If your instructor has no preference, use the much simpler Parenthetical Documentation in place of Footnotes or Endnotes. Typing Manuscripts with Footnotes and Endnotes Spacing.

Examples of footnotes in an essay

The standard rule for typing the main body of a manuscript or report is double spacing unless there is an special reason for single spacing it. Triple spacing is used before and after the main heading while side headings blocked and capitals are preceded by a triple space 2 blank lines and followed by a double space 1 blank line.

Single spacing is used for listings, enumerations, long quotations, footnotes, and other displays. Direct quotation of not more than three typewritten lines in length is run into the text and typed double spaced.

A long direct quotation is typed single spaced. Row, explain it this way: A quotation of three or fewer lines of typing is displayed simply for being typed within quotation marks, but a longer quotation is given special display. It is single spaced and indented five spaces from regular margins on both sides.

Unbounded manuscripts whose pages are not going to be fastened like reports or articles for publication are usually typed with at least one-inch on all sides. On the first page, however, an extra inch at the top is provided so that the top margin falls two inches deep.Footnotes must be listed numerically and consecutively, both in your essay and in your Footnote citation.

Footnote numbers must be superscripted. In your text, add a superscripted number immediately after the quote or reference cited with no space. The main difference between Footnotes and Endnotes is that Footnotes are placed numerically at the foot of the very same page where direct references are made; while Endnotes are placed numerically at the end of the essay on a separate page entitles Endnotes or Notes.

SAMPLE CHICAGO STYLE PAPER John Doe History Dr. Johnson July 11, this example essay was modeled from Rampolla’s pocket guide from page The margins endnotes is that, unlike footnotes which appear at . The main difference between Footnotes and Endnotes is that Footnotes are placed numerically at the foot of the very same page where direct references are made; while Endnotes are placed numerically at the end of the essay on a separate page entitles Endnotes or Notes.

The endnote is a reference, interpretation, or comment inserted at the end of an essay, research paper, or another type of academic/scientific document or book.

The department specifies whether a student has to use endnotes or footnotes. 22 Sample Paragraph with Footnotes and a Bibliography In the field of music, we usually use the Chicago Manual of Style (CMS) citation system (not MLA, APA, etc.); see the chart on the following pages for examples of how to format footnotes and bibliography entries for various kinds of items.

Footnotes and Endnotes - New York Essays