The score to 4'33", which comprises four minutes and 33 seconds of silence Stephen Montague, composer When I first met John inhe had given me his phone number and told me to call if I was in town. When I was next there, I did. But then he continued:
For if Cage has left his music to chance, if he has thus extinguished his authority as a composer, then all that remains an idea–the idea of inviting randomness into his work. The pieces are thus about this idea of chance and are not concerned with anything even remotely musical. Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late s, Cage came to the idea of aleatoric or chance-controlled music, which he started composing in The I Ching, an ancient Chinese classic text on changing events, became Cage's standard composition tool for the rest of his rutadeltambor.comtion: Composer and music theorist. I had no idea this was going to happen. I did have an idea something else would happen. Ideas are one thing and what happens another. and it was written virtually at the moment when Feldman’s work inspired Cage’s plunge into chance. But beyond Feldman’s music, the lecture is about the upsurging creativity that Cage was .
Early years Cage was born in Los Angeles, California. His father John Milton Cage Sr. The latter is a short lively piece that ends abruptly, while "Crete" is a slightly longer, mostly melodic contrapuntal work.
He received first piano lessons when he was in the fourth grade at school, but although he liked music, he expressed more interest in sight reading than in developing virtuoso piano technique, and apparently was not thinking of composition.
However, in he dropped out, believing that "college was of no use to a writer"  by an incident described in the autobiographical statement: I was shocked at college to see one hundred of my classmates in the library all reading copies of the same book. Instead of doing as they did, I went into the stacks and read the first book written by an author whose name began with Z.
I received the highest grade in the class.
That convinced me that the institution was not being run correctly. First he studied Gothic and Greek architecturebut decided he was not interested enough in architecture to dedicate his life to it. It was in Europe that he first heard the music of contemporary composers such as Igor Stravinsky and Paul Hindemith and finally got to know the music of Johann Sebastian Bachwhich he had not experienced before.
Apprenticeship Cage returned to the United States in He got to know various important figures of the Southern California art world, such as pianist Richard Buhlig who became his first teacher  and arts patron Galka Scheyer. After Cage replied that he would, Schoenberg offered to tutor him for free.
Particularly well-known is the conversation mentioned in the lecture Indeterminacy: After I had been studying with him for two years, Schoenberg said, "In order to write music, you must have a feeling for harmony.
He then said that I would always encounter an obstacle, that it would be as though I came to a wall through which I could not pass. I said, "In that case I will devote my life to beating my head against that wall.
Much later, Cage recounted the incident: I determined then and there, more than ever before, to write music. She was an Alaskan -born daughter of a Russian priest; her work encompassed fine bookbindingsculpture and collage.
Although Cage was involved in a relationship with Don Sample when he met Xenia, he fell in love immediately.The archive of the John Cage Trust is held at Bard College in upstate New York.
The John Cage Music Manuscript Collection held by the Music Division of the New York Public Library for the Performing Arts contains most of the composer's musical manuscripts, including sketches, worksheets, realizations, and unfinished works.
For if Cage has left his music to chance, if he has thus extinguished his authority as a composer, then all that remains an idea–the idea of inviting randomness into his work.
The pieces are thus about this idea of chance and are not concerned with anything even remotely musical. Sep 05, · Music Is Everywhere: John Cage At Cage's most lasting influence may be in his ideas — about the boundaries between noise and music and the artistic freedom that comes from breaking the rules.
Through his studies of Indian philosophy and Zen Buddhism in the late s, Cage came to the idea of chance-controlled music, which he started composing in The I Ching, an ancient Chinese classic text on changing events, became Cage's standard composition tool for the rest of his life.
Aleatoric music (also aleatory music or chance music; from the Latin word alea, meaning "dice") is music in which some element of the composition is left to chance, and/or some primary element of a composed work's realization is left to the determination of its performer(s).
The term is most often associated with procedures in which the chance element involves a relatively limited number of possibilities. John Cage: | | |Not to be confused with |John Cale||. | | | | World Heritage Encyclopedia, the aggregation of the largest online encyclopedias available, and the.