For centuries people have been interested in all things unknown, especially the paranormal.
The work is now associated with the mental condition of a 'split personality', where two personalities of differing character reside in one person.
However, the text was written before the science of psychology was firmly established, and the novella itself appears to be influenced by a variety of scientific theories predominant in the late-Victorian era. Atavism Cesare Lombroso's theory of atavism discussed in greater detail in 'The Victorian Gothic' essay on this website appears to have greatly influenced Stevenson's novella.
The unsettling, dwarfish appearance of Edward Hyde and the violent behaviour he exhibits are clear atavistic traits.
In his short story 'Olalla', elements of atavism and heredity curses are woven into the story to create terror; the central protagonist becomes the victim of a bestial attack committed by the atavistic mother of the family with whom he is lodging. This is revealed to the reader by the horrifying transformation of Dr Henry Jekyll into the atavistic murderer Edward Hyde.
The transformation is generated by the fear of regression, as both men are revealed to be the same person. Stevenson's depiction of the respectable gentleman Dr Jekyll as capable of the terrible behaviour exhibited by Mr Hyde, is evidence of his manipulation of Victorian anxieties and social fears.
It shattered the veneer of class-conditioned respectability that covered and controlled the lives of respectable members of the population. As the text demonstrates, it is not only the impoverished, working classes living in the slum areas of the city that are capable of committing crimes; criminals are also found in educated, wealthy, and seemingly respectable echelons of society.
The theme of doubling is symbolised throughout the text. The city of London is split in two. The one side where Dr Jekyll, Mr Utterson and their contemporaries live and work is represented as smart, wealthy and educated area, identified as such in Utterson's referral to Cavendish square - the home of Dr Lanyon - as 'that citadel of medicine.
Mr Hyde has a house in this district, assumedly so his detestable appearance and violent behaviour go unquestioned and unnoticed.
The house provides a contrasting space, used both for Dr Jekyll's domestic purposes and his scientific experiments. The laboratory at the end of the garden provides a convenient way of concealing his dubious experiments, and the side door onto the back-alley enables an appropriate means by which Hyde can come and go, without disturbing the household or being associated with Dr Jekyll.
Stevenson's skilful manipulation of Victorian anxieties is evident in the book's success. As testament to the book's popularity, there appeared in a stage version of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, adapted by T.
R Sullivan and Richard Mansfield. Mansfield was cast as the double-lead role, playing both Jekyll and Hyde. The adaptation was staged in London during the spate of unsolved murders committed by the infamous Jack the Ripper in the Whitechapel district. There were multiple theories circulating as to the identity of the murderer, with many suggesting he was highly educated or of royal birth.
This fear parallels the shattered social veneer Stevenson presented in his novella thorough the revelation that the respectable Dr Jekyll is also the immoral murderer Mr Hyde.- The Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Hyde,By Robert Stevenson The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, The separation of Jekyll into two beings, Jekyll and Hyde, is an symbol for humankind's conflicting forces of good and evil.
Literary Analysis of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde” by Robert Louis Stevenson Words 7 Pages The city of London proved to be the sole dominant location in the ’s during the Victorian era in this novel.
Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is a gothic novella by Scottish author Robert Louis Stevenson, first published in The work is also known as The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, or simply Jekyll & Hyde.
· Stevenson's Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde is one of many texts in the late-Victorian period that uses the Gothic genre to display Victorian cultural fears. Bram Stoker's Dracula () employs the theory of atavism to render the central protagonist, Count Dracula himself, all the more rutadeltambor.com /gothic-elements-strange-case-dr-jekyll-mr-hyde.
· 4 The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde undemonstrative at the best, and even his friendship seemed to be founded in a similar catholicity of good-nature. It is the mark of a modest man to accept his friendly circle ready-made from the hands of opportunity; and that was the lawyer’s way.
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