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Those who subscribe to the theory that Sir Francis Bacon wrote the Shakespeare work generally refer to themselves as "Baconians", while dubbing those who maintain the orthodox view that William Shakespeare of Stratford wrote them "Stratfordians".
A year later, both Smith and Delia Bacon published books expounding the Baconian theory. Inin the library of Northumberland Houseone John Bruce happened upon a bundle of bound documents, some of whose sheets had been ripped away. On the outer sheet was scrawled repeatedly the names of Bacon and Shakespeare along with the name of Thomas Nashe.
The Earl of Northumberland sent the bundle to James Speddingwho subsequently penned a thesis on the subject, with which was published a facsimile of the aforementioned cover. Spedding hazarded a date, making it possibly the earliest extant mention of Shakespeare.
Pott founded the Francis Bacon Society in and published her Bacon-centered theory in Wigston,  that Francis Bacon was the founding member of the Rosicruciansa secret society of occult philosophers, and claimed that they secretly created art, literature and drama, including the entire Shakespeare canon, before adding the symbols of the rose and cross to their work.
Other Baconians ignored the esoteric following that the theory was attracting. The argument runs that, he intended to set up new institutes of experimentation to gather the data to which his inductive method could be applied. He needed high office to gain the requisite influence,  and being known as a dramatist, allegedly low-class profession, would have impeded his prospects see Stigma of print.
In this way, he could influence the nobility through dramatic performance with his observations on what constitutes "good" government. By the end of the 19th century, Baconian theory had received support from a number of high-profile individuals.
Mark Twain showed an inclination for it in his essay Is Shakespeare Dead? Friedrich Nietzsche expressed interest in and gave credence to the Baconian theory in his writings.
He eventually published two pamphlets supporting the theory in and In a judge in Chicago ruled in a civil trial that Bacon was the true author of the Shakespeare canon.
Furthermore, alternative authorship theories failed to make any headway among academics. Baconian cryptology[ edit ] In Ignatius L.
Congressmanscience fiction author and Atlantis theorist, wrote The Great Cryptogram, in which he argued that Bacon revealed his authorship of the works by concealing secret ciphers in the text. This produced a plethora of late 19th-century Baconian theorising, which developed the theme that Bacon had hidden encoded messages in the plays.
The most remarkable revelation was that Bacon was the son of Queen Elizabeth. According to Owen, Bacon revealed that Elizabeth was secretly married to Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicesterwho fathered both Bacon himself and Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essexthe latter ruthlessly executed by his own mother in This tragic life-story was the secret hidden in the plays.
Dawbarn in Uncrowned The project ended with his death in The American art collector Walter Conrad Arensberg — believed that Bacon had concealed messages in a variety of ciphers, relating to a secret history of the time and the esoteric secrets of the Rosicrucians, in the Shakespearean works.
He published a variety of decipherments between andconcluding finally that, although he had failed to find them, there certainly were concealed messages. He established the Francis Bacon Foundation in California in and left it his collection of Baconiana.The Oxfordian theory, which alleges that Edward de Vere is the author of Shakespearean works, is the most popular of all the theories disputing Shakespeare’s authorship.
In fact, there is a sizable community of people that believes that Edward de Vere is the author of Shakespeare’s works. The Truth About Shakespeare. For centuries we have all been told and taught that the author of the Shakespearean works was William Shakespeare from the English villiage of Stratford.
Substantial evidence has come to light which proves, beyond a reasonable . And, if we examine the lives of the other potential authors of the plays, we see that they were not associated with any of Shakespeare's contemporary actors or productions of the plays.
In the words of Margaret Drabble: "Over years after Shakespeare died, . Seasons passed. Shakespeare's life continued to pop up on the bestseller lists, David Tennant's Hamlet came and went.
Finally, in January, along came the first proof of Shapiro's new book. But no, it was not about or Entitled Contested Will, it bore a fatal subtitle, "Who Wrote Shakespeare?".
Apparently, Professor Shapiro had gone . Claim: A black woman named Amelia Bassano has been proved the true (uncredited) author of all of William Shakespeares rutadeltambor.com Despite William Shakespeare?s status as a literary giant, a small but vocal group of scholars, playwrights, actors, and conspiracy theorists have long argued that he is not the true author of his plays.