Philosophical roots[ edit ] Diogenes Cosmopolitanism can be traced back to Diogenes of Sinope c. Of Diogenes it is said: The task of world citizens becomes then to "draw the circles somehow towards the centre, making all human beings more like our fellow city dwellers, and so forth".
Lenin also put forth the need for a "revolutionary vanguard," asserting that the working class could never achieve proletarian consciousness by itself. Lenin also developed the theory of Imperialism that proposed spreading Communism in the developing world to encircle the West. He taught that it was possible to establish a communist state in an agrarian economy without going through the stage of capitalism under the bourgeois rule.
The extent to which Lenin was both the philosophical and the structural architect of the Soviet system is evidenced by the fact that the ideology of the state is often termed Marxism-Leninism.
Early life Vladimir Ulyanov Lenin circa Born in Simbirsk, Russian Empire now UlyanovskLenin was the son of Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov —a Russian civil service official who worked for progressive democracy and free universal education in Russia, and his wife Maria Alexandrovna Ulyanova — The two raised their children in the spirit of denial of autocracy and religion.
All of their children, except early deceased Olga, became professional revolutionaries. The first occurred when his father died of a cerebral hemorrhage in In May his eldest brother Alexander Ulyanov was hanged for participation in a terrorist bomb attack that threatened the life of Tsar Alexander III ; his sister Anna, who was with Alexander at the time of his arrest, was banished to the small town of Kokuchkino near Karzan.
His official Soviet biographies list this event as central to his revolutionary exploits. A famous painting by Belousov, We Will Follow a Different Path, which was reprinted in millions of Soviet textbooks, depicted young Lenin and his mother grieving the loss of his elder brother.
As Lenin became interested in Marxismhe got involved in student protests and was subsequently arrested.
He was then expelled from Kazan State University. He continued to study independently through Saint Petersburg University and in he had completed his studies in law. Lenin is credited with translating the Communist Manifesto from German into Russian.
Rather than settling into a legal career, he became more involved in revolutionary propaganda efforts and the study of Marxism. On December 7,he was arrested and held by authorities for 14 months, then exiled to the village of Shushenskoye in Siberia.
During his exile Lenin co-founded the newspaper Iskra Russian for the spark—the spark that ignites the flame of communism with Julius Martov, who later became a leading opponent. Lenin also wrote several articles and books related to the revolutionary movement.
At this period, he started using various aliases, finally settling upon Lenin.
This is said to be one of the most influential pamphlets in pre-revolutionary Russia, with Lenin himself claiming that three out of five workers had read it or had had it read to them.
In he moved to Finland for security reasons.
He continued to travel in Europe and participated in many socialist meetings and activities, including the Prague Party Conference of and the Zimmerwald Conference of Lenin later moved to Switzerland. Contributions to Communist thought Lenin made key contributions to Communist thought.
In What is To Be Done? There he also argued it would be possible to move immediately from feudalism to socialism and circumvent the capitalist stage of social and political development.
Introduction, Marx clarified that the working class was not synonymous with the proletariat. Proletarian consciousness and the proletarian identity were forged through capitalist oppression and a concomitant awakening in the working class that would lead to the working class becoming the proletariat.
However Lenin argued that the elite revolutionary vanguard of which he was a part would be able to inculcate proletarian values and identity into the working class through their leadership and through means such as the creation of a newspaper that would reach out to the working class.
First, the centralization of capitalas fewer industries could afford the ever improving machinery that increased productivity and reduced the cost of goods many of them would become bankrupt; second, Marx foresaw that the increase in machinery and the reduced need for workers would, based on his axiom, lead to a decrease in profits; third, the closing of factories and the laying off of workers would lead to an increase in poverty.
Marx argued that the combination of these volatile elements would lead to discontent, outrage and revolution. Bernstein argued that instead of working for revolution socialists should strive for change through the democratic process and the ballot box.
Lenin asserted that Marx is not wrong but rather capitalists had found a new way to survive and prosper: By charging exorbitant prices and high interest rates the capitalist had found inroads into the rich natural resources of AfricaLatin America, and Asia.
With this new wealth it became possible to bribe the workers of the developed world with higher wages and thus the workers would have no appetite for revolution. Lenin argues that there is only one way to stop imperialismthe new brand of capitalism—that is through cutting off their markets in their colonies.
In State and Revolution Lenin challenged his Marxist cohorts who argued that following the communist revolution a socialist state should be democratically lead. Lenin maintained and demonstrated through the writings of Marx and Engels that instead it would have to be lead by a "dictatorship of the proletariat"."Materialism and Empirio-Criticism" was written in the context of extensive theoretical and polemical debates between Lenin and a faction within the Bolshevik Party (Bogdanov, Lunacharsky, Valentinov, etc.) that was beginning to drastically deviate from the philosophical doctrines of Marx and Engels/5(12).
Your source for local news, sports, high school sports and weather in and around Jefferson City, Columbia, Fulton and the Lake of the Ozarks.
All of Mid-Missouri. Vladimir Lenin: “State and Revolution” Analysis. This essay has been submitted by a student. In August and September , Vladimir Lenin wrote “State and Revolution.”. Try Our Friends At: The Essay Store. Free English School Essays.
We have lots of essays in our essay database, so please check back here frequently to see the newest additions. Lenin and Philosophy and Other Essays [Louis Althusser] on rutadeltambor.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
No figure among the western Marxist theoreticians has loomed larger in the postwar period than Louis Althusser. A rebel against the Catholic tradition in which he was raised.
Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov, better known by the alias Lenin (22 April – 21 January ), was a Russian communist revolutionary, politician, and political rutadeltambor.com served as head of government of Soviet Russia from to and of the Soviet Union from to Under his administration, Russia and then the wider Soviet Union became a one-party communist state governed by the.