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Online Writing Lab Citing Sources Once a source is found and incorporated into an essay, the source needs to be cited.
However, regardless of format, the purpose of all citations is the same: While this is true, plagiarism also occurs when outside information that is used in an essay is not cited correctly or cited at all, regardless of intent. The consequences of plagiarism can be quite severe and can range from flunking an individual assignment or class to facing possible expulsion and sometimes even legal consequences.
Because of this fact, all writers need to learn how to cite sources properly. Any information that is taken from another source, even if it is paraphrased put into different wordsneeds to be cited in the same manner as a quote.
In other words, claims and ideas that originate from others need to be cited as well.
As mentioned earlier, the proper way to cite a source depends on the type of source and the format that is being used for a paper, but regardless of which format is used, the most important aspect of citing any source is making it clear that the information being presented is coming from another source by giving the full name of the author or person behind the information that is being used.
Here is a list of information that should always be cited: This is also true of partial quotes when only part of a sentence, for example, is used Paraphrases: A paraphrase involves restating original information into new language.
The key to a successful paraphrase is to change both the wording used and the order, or structure, or the sentence. Paraphrases must be cited by attributing to the original source just like quotes.
View the Paraphrasing Page and the Using Quotations page for more information. Statistics and other data: The results of studies often result in statistics.
This type of data must be cited by providing the name of the person or agency responsible for generating the statistic s. The use of statistics and other data is common is research essays. If using a secondary source that interprets a study done by someone else, that source must also be cited.
View the Primary vs. Secondary Sources Page for more information. Anytime you, as the writer, are providing or furthering a specific argument made by someone else, this needs to be cited.
The same is true of original ideas. A summary is a condensed version of another work put into your own words. For example, a writer may summarize an entire essay or study, a section or chapter of a book, or even an entire book.
When summarizing, be sure to cite all information to the original author by using author ID tags and cite specific information such as stats or quotes with full citations.
View the Summarizing Page for more information. When in doubt, cite. Following this general rule will eliminate plagiarism. Common Knowledge Some facts and dates do not have to be cited because they can be found numerous places and, thus, are not attributable to one particular source.When writing an essay it is often necessary to refer to outside sources for more information.
When you include another author's work, you must always cite the source of the original information.
A paraphrase, when used in an essay, must be cited because, although it is in your own words, it is still another's ideas or work. a.
What Must Be Cited In An Essay 4 Ways to Cite an Essay – wikiHowHow to Cite an Essay. Whether you re a high school student or a professional writer, you may need to cite your sources using a specific formatting style. The Works Cited page(s) is the final page(s) of the essay, and on it, there should be the correct page number(s). Type the words Works Cited at the top of the page, and center it. Then, list the sources used in the paper, alphabetized by the first word in each source, usually the author's last name. Learn which types of facts must be cited in an essay and which do not require citation. This academic article will tell you about 5 basic facts you should use.
True b. False5/5(1). Y/N: If you are required to develop an annotated bibliography for your researched sources, then the final draft of your essay you must also include this whole bibliography with annotations.
The Works Cited page(s) is the final page(s) of the essay, and on it, there should be the correct page number(s). Type the words Works Cited at the top of the page, and center it.
Then, list the sources used in the paper, alphabetized by the first word in each source, usually the author's last name. Oct 04, · To cite an essay using MLA format, include the name of the author and the page number of the source you’re citing in the in-text citation.
For example, if you’re referencing page from a book by John Smith, you would include “(Smith )” at the end of the sentence%(6).
Citing Sources Once a source is found and incorporated into an essay, the source needs to be cited. The information that must be included to cite a source depends on the format (MLA, APA, Chicago Manual of Style) that is being used for the essay.